Agbomehre M. Momoh
This study investigated determinants of the elderly in Ibadan metropolis. Wellbeing of elderly has become essential in order to improve the preparation for old age among Nigerians. Purposive sampling technique was used to select a total of four hundred and ninety elderly people, comprising 463 (70%) of 662 members of National Union of Pensioners, Agodi Branch and 27 (100%) of those residing in Old Peoples’ Homes in Ibadan Metropolis. A set of pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect data from respondents. Information was obtained on the respondents’ socio-economic characteristics; type of support enjoyed
(emotional, financial, companionship, or access to information), and perceived level of spiritual wellbeing. In-depth interviews were also conducted on a cross-section of care-givers and people with aged relations in the study area. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in analysing quantitative data obtained for the study, while qualitative data were content analysed. Financial support was found to be the most prominent form of support enjoyed by majority of the respondents and
companionship, especially, of biological children, was the least prominent form of support enjoyed by the elderly in the study area. Higher proportion of females were found to enjoy access to information and financial support while higher proportion of males enjoyed companionship and emotional support. Higher proportion of polygamists
were found to enjoy access to information, companionship and emotional supports while higher proportion of monogamists enjoyed financial support. The study identified the fact that the traditional importance of
family in providing support is perceived to be fast dwindling due to changes in cultural practices in the city. Major implications of the study’s findings is the need to evolve strategies to strengthen accessibility of the elderly to adequate support that will enhance their spiritual well-being, as the cultural support system is fast crumbling in the city.