Effects of Father’s Highest Formal Education on Daughter’s Participation in Part-time NCE Programmes in Southwestern Nigeria


  • Oluyemisi Bamidele Sanni Department of Adult and Non-Formal Education, School of Education, Federal College of Education (Special) Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria


Education, adult and non-formal education, participation in education, factors inhibiting participation


The study investigated effects of father’s highest formal education on
daughter’s participation in part-time NCE programmes in Southwestern
Nigeria. Primary and secondary data were sourced for the study.
Multistage sampling technique was used in selecting samples for the study.
Two states (Ogun and Oyo) were randomly selected from the six states in
Southwestern Nigeria. Using the existing three senatorial districts into
which each state was partitioned, the settlement with highest number of
adult and non-formal education study centres in each senatorial district
was purposively selected. 250 females, comprising 125 participating and
125 no-participating, were randomly selected from each of the selected
settlements, and sampled with the use of a set of pretested questionnaire.
In all, 1500 women, comprising 750 participating and 750 nonparticipating women were sampled. Only 1268 copies of the
questionnaires, comprising 559 (non-participating) and 709
(participating) were returned and used for analyses. In-depth interviews
were also conducted on stakeholders in the study area. Both descriptive
and inferential statistics (Chi-square at p? 0.05) were used in analysing
quantitative data, while qualitative data were content analysed. No
concrete relationship could be established between fathers’ highest formal
education and females’ participation or non-participation in part-time
NCE programmes, though strong association was found between fathers’
encouragement and females’ participation. The study has provided
empirical evidence that fathers, irrespective of level of formal educational
attainment, play significant role in determining their daughters’
participation or non-participation in part-time NCE programme, in
Southwestern Nigeria.