The study investigated the impact of school records management on teaching and learning in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. The study was guided by three research questions and three hypotheses. The research design adopted for this study was descriptive survey research design. The total population of the study consisted of 7240 (262 principals and 6978 teachers) obtained from all the 262 public senior secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. The sample size of this study consisted of 802 respondents drawn from secondary schools in the state using a simple random sampling technique. A self-developed questionnaire titled ‘Impact of School Records Management on Teaching and Learning Questionnaire’ (ISRMTLQ) and observation technique was used for data collection. The instruments were duly validated and 0.78 was obtained as the logical validity index. The questionnaire was pilot-tested on 20 teachers and the coefficient of internal consistency of 0.75 was obtained. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions, while t-test was used to test the four null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that, many teachers used manual method of school records management and few teachers used computerized method. It was recommended that the teachers in Akwa Ibom State should be ready to migrate from manual school records management to computer-based system, while Ministry of Education as well as the principals should provide necessary materials for usage of computerized system and teachers should use adequate school records in the school setting in order to achieve its impact on teaching and learning.