• A. J. Jubril Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • A. A. Adekola Pathobiology and Population Science, Royal Veterinary College, University of London
  • A. T. Adetuga Department of Wildlife and Ecotourism, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • L. A. Adekunle Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • A. O. Omonona Department of Wildlife and Ecotourism, University of Ibadan, Nigeria


One Health, Wildlife trade, Emerging zoonotic diseases, Climate change, Biodiversity


This study evaluated the knowledge and perceptions of respondents regarding the impact of human-animal interactions and climate change on the Coronavirus pandemic. Data were collected through a nationwide analytic cross-sectional survey with the aid of a structured questionnaire made available online. The questionnaire consisted of 26 items divided into four sections (socio-demographic characteristics; knowledge and attitudes towards COVID-19; COVID-19 and human-animal interactions; COVID-19 and climate change) while participants’ responses were scored using the ‘Likert-type’ scale. The percentages of responses obtained were calculated, while data collected were analyzed, descriptively. More males participated in the survey with most respondents being between the ages of 41-50 years. Most participants had postgraduate education, lived in urban areas, practiced Christianity, and were from the southwestern geopolitical zone of Nigeria. All respondents were aware of the existence of COVID-19, as a transmissible disease while about 93.95% reported touching of face, nose, and mouth with contaminated hands as the route of COVID-19 transmission. About 45.1% of respondents affirmed that they always took precautions when interacting with animals while 44.19% believed that the increasing spread of disease-carrying pests is a consequence of climate change. Though a high level of awareness of COVID-19 was noted, there was a need for more aggressive sensitization of people especially in the rural areas on the impact of COVID-19 disease on human and environmental health.


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How to Cite

Jubril, A. J., Adekola, A. A., Adetuga, A. T., Adekunle, L. A., & Omonona, A. O. (2023). INFLUENCE OF HUMAN-ANIMAL INTERACTIONS AND CLIMATE CHANGE ON THE SPREAD OF COVID-19 IN NIGERIA. RENEWABLE, 3(1), 63–73. Retrieved from