The survey of wildlife species diversity is important for management and decision making in Wildlife Parks in order to achieve effective conservation. Up-to-date information on the diverse fauna species in Kainji Lake National Park is scarce. Therefore, wild animal species diversity in the National Park was assessed. The line transect and total enumeration count methods were used in the study. Oli Complex was stratified into five line transects laid at 5 km intervals and then a census of wild animals was taken following standard procedures. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Fifty-nine taxa were identified with 4,665 individuals enumerated. A total of 24 Mammalia, 24 Avifauna, 8 Reptilia, 1 Amphibia and 2 Mollusca species were identified. Buffon’s kob (Kobus kob kob) was the most abundant (2,019), followed by the Olive baboon (Papio anubis) (963), helmeted Guinea fowl (Numidea melagris) (189) and Red Flanked (RF) duiker (Cephalophus rufilatus) (118). Dominance was low (0.2) with high diversity index (0.8), low evenness (0.2); that was moderately spread but not equally (0.6) distributed within the study area. Buffon’s kob had the highest relative importance index (24.13%), while Guinea fowl had the least (3.27%). Buffon’s kob had the highest density (40.38/ km2), followed by Olive baboon (19.26/km2), Guinea fowl (3.78/km2), Roan antelope (3.32/ km2) and Red Flanked duiker (2.36/ km2). Oli Complex of Kainji Lake National Park had a high wildlife diversity and supported a wide range of animal species.
Abere S. A. and Lateef F. L. (2015). A conference proceeding of African Society of Agronomy, Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences. 2-5 November, 2015. Pp 250-262.
Alawode, S. O., Lateef, F. L. and Lameed, G. A. (2017): Population structure and distribution of Buffon’s kob (Kobus kob kob) within Oli Complex in Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research (8) 1643- 1655.
Amusa, T. O. (2003): Why the conservation of wildlife is important to Nigeria. The Nigerian Field 69: 32-40.
Dore, M. P. O. (2001): Wildlife Consumption and Biodiversity Conservation. Nigerian Journal of Forestry Vol. 31 (1and2): July, 2001 Pp 94-99.
East, R., Grubb, P. and Wilson, V. J. (1988): Classification of antelopes adopted for the antelope survey. In: East, R. (Compiler) Antelope global survey and regional action plan Part 1: East and Northeast Africa.
Fingesi, U. I., Orsar, T. J., Egwumah, P. O. and Tyowua, B. T. (2019): Abundance and distribution of Kobs (Kobus kob kob, Erxleben, 1777) in Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria. World Scientific News (WSN) 138 (2) 260-276 EISSN2392-2192 @www.worldscientificnews.com.
Fryxell, J. M., Wilmshurst, J. F., and Sinclaire, A. R. E. (2004): Predictive models of movement by Serengeti grazers. Ecology 85: 2429-2435.
Halidu, S. K., Ayodele, I. A., Lameed, G. A. and Oyeleye, D. A. (2013). Seasonal and daily distribution pattern of selected antelopes in relation to water hole utilisation in Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria. Journal of Forestry Research and Management 10: 52-66.
Iroye, K. A. (2010). Deforestation and sustainable watershed management in Nigeria: A reflection. Environmental Issues 3 (1): 74-81.
Lameed, G. A. (2007). Kainji Lake National Park of Nigeria: Assets and implications for sustainable development. Biodiversity 8(4): 3-13.
Lateef F. L and Lameed G. A. (2018). Effects of a changing climate on the sustainable management of Wildlife in Kainji Lake National Park. Proceedings of the 2nd Wildlife Society of Nigeria Conference held from 16th - 19th September, 2018. Pp. 250-258.
Marguba, L. B. (2002): National Parks and their benefits to local communities in Nigeria. Nigerian National Park Service. 34pp.
Meduna, A. J., Oyeleke, O. O., Amusa, T.O., Likita, I. B., Ajayi, S. R., Akor, S. and Patrick, V. (2008). Evaluation of Kob (Kobus kob Erxleben) habitat in KLNP, Nigeria. Obeche Journal 26 (1): 40-44.
Olajesu S. O., Akinyemi F. O., Lateef F. L and Lameed G. A (2019). Population density, diversity and abundance of antelope species in Kainji Lake National Park, Nigeria. Open Journal of Ecology 9: 107-116. https://doi.org/10.4236/oje.2019.94009
Reid, H. (2001). Contractual National Parks and the Makuleke Community. Human Ecology 29(2):135-155.
Rduch V. (2013). Ecology and population status of the Puku antelope (Kobus vardonii Livingstone 1857) in Zambia. Dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Science in Zoology at the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn.
Taiga, L. K, Kumgana, S. A., Fils, E. M. B., Samuel, T. C. and Rduch, V. (2020). The status and population dynamics of Buffon’s kob (Kobus kob kob, Erxleben, 1777) in the Faro National Park, Northern Cameroon. African Journal of Ecology 59: (1) 1-10. doi: 10.1111/aje12808.